Transcendence and participation.
Those are two modes by which the divine is described relative to the world, everyday life, our ordinary reality.
Transcendence means that the divine is totally distinct, separate, and apart from reality.
For me this corresponds to the sense that there is nothing in life that approaches the meaning and significance of the divine. Not even close.
Participation means that although God transcends the world, the things of this world still participate in his being and his perfection to varying degrees.
There are different ways of defining participation, but for me this corresponds to the sense that emotions like love and joy are closer to God than emotions like fear and anger.
God may be transcendent, but things are still either closer to, or further away from him.
This is significant because people who grow up with a strong sense of the divine may, like melancholic idealists, end up disparaging the world as falling short of the divine in every possible way.
The world doesn’t have enough meaning, joy, purpose or love in it.
And our sense of divine transcendence keeps us locked in this perspective, because the gap between it and our everyday reality seems just too great.
Can we close the gap?
I believe we can. This is implied in the statement “Seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you”.
It doesn’t negate or diminish the things of this world, but puts them in their rightful place.
My recent discoveries of the relationship between thoughts and emotions and my experience of reality show that the melancholic despair of finding meaning in this world is particular and individual.
The divine is not alienated from everyday life, nor is it withheld in isolation from our daily experiences, our emotions and our thoughts.
We participate in the divine not only in prayer or meditation but also in our thoughts throughout the day, the thoughts that shape how we feel, how we perceive, and what we experience.
The strictly transcendent view of the divine is very much “hiding a lamp under a bushel”, or putting new wine into an old wine skin.
But sorrow and misery – or rather the thoughts that create those feelings – are unlikely to dissipate just because we spend time thinking about a transcendent God.
Those thoughts need to extend to the aspects of life where we suffer or mourn or are frustrated, bored, angry, weary and need rest.